Saxons selbstbetiteltes Debütalbum wurde ursprünglich am Mai veröffentlicht und kann wohl als das erste NWOBHM-Album bezeichnet werden. Neu-Auflage des legendären Saxon Live-Albums von »The Eagle Has Landed«war Saxons erstes Live-Album und erschien Es wurde während der». Die englische Band Saxon gehört zu den langjährigen Weggefährten von Motörhead. In den ern trat sie gemeinsam mit Bands wie Iron Maiden und Def.
Saxon (Band)Die englische Band Saxon gehört zu den langjährigen Weggefährten von Motörhead. In den ern trat sie gemeinsam mit Bands wie Iron Maiden und Def. Saxon liefern einen rundum ordentlichen Einstand ab und bereichern die damalige Musikszene mit Songs wie Rainbow Theme/Frozen Rainbow (ein. Vor Saxon existieren in South Yorkshire, England zwei Bands: SOB mit Gitarrist Graham Oliver und Basser Steve Dawson und Coast mit Sänger Biff Byford.
Saxon Navigation menu VideoSaxon - Ride Like The Wind (Official Video HD)
Saxon, sind die Saxon Gewinnsessions und die 240, Гber diese Kampagnen informiert Poker Edge. - InhaltsverzeichnisSeen Live von Victoria
MГglichkeit, Saxon dem Saxon per Smartphone oder Tablet jederzeit Poliniex Гberall spielen kann, finden. - Neuer AbschnittDE 44 4 Wo.
There are a huge variety of affordable saxon telescopes to help you explore the cosmos in comfort and ease, but first - what do reflectors, refractors and catadioptric telescopes do, and which one should I choose?
We understand the importance of quality, reliability and innovation. This is why at saxon, we are constantly developing our range of products to ensure your product goes hand-in-hand with your passion and needs.
Based in the most liveable city in the world, Melbourne, saxon carries the widest range of optical products available in Australia.
This includes a host of telescopes, binoculars, microscopes, spotting scopes, tripods, riflescopes, opera glasses, magnifiers and weather stations.
Accessory buffs may wish to browse through our selection of eyepieces, finderscopes, filters and motor drives.
These accessories are compatible with saxon telescopes as well as most major brands. If you need help regarding your optics, or would like to enquire more about our products, please drop us a line on our Contact Us page.
We'd love to hear from you! What can you do with a biological microscope? Learn More. Birdwatching What do you do now that summer is fast approaching and you are blessed with great weather outdoors?
An introduction to telescope designs Purchasing a new telescope can be an exciting experience filed with research and experimenting.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Overview of Charlemagne's reign, including his conquest of the Saxons. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Franks and Saxon s ravaged the coasts of northern Gaul and Britain, and for the next three centuries incursions by Germanic peoples were the scourge of the Western Empire.
The band found it hard to attain chart success in America; the release of Destiny did not change this, and Saxon were later dropped by EMI.
In Paul Johnson was replaced by Nibbs Carter. At the time, Carter was only 22 and would later be credited for revitalising the band.
Nigel Glockler also decided to return to the band. The band eventually decided to embark on a European tour titled '10 Years of Denim and Leather' which proved to be a successful move as the band was re-established as a popular act.
In , they signed to Virgin Records and started work on their new album Solid Ball of Rock , which was released in and proved to be successful.
In , Saxon sustained this success with the release of Forever Free. The album was produced by Biff Byford and Herwig Ursin.
A UK version of the album featured an alternate cover with a "Space Marine" from the Warhammer 40, tabletop wargame.
The song was written about and dedicated to Byford's father who worked in the coal mines of Yorkshire.
During , Saxon recorded the album Dogs of War. Shortly afterwards, Graham Oliver was fired by the band. Saxon recorded a new music video for Dogs of War.
Unleash the Beast reached the top in the charts in Sweden, Germany and Switzerland. After relentless touring, drummer Nigel Glockler took time off to recover from a neck and shoulder injury and was temporally replaced by Fritz Randow.
September saw the release of Metalhead. The album was praised in Germany where Saxon had begun to play the Wacken Open Air Festival, where they later became a regular fixture.
Saxon also headlined the first Bloodstock Festival in the UK. Saxon also released the album Killing Ground during the same year.
In , Saxon released Heavy Metal Thunder , a compilation album featuring re-recorded versions of songs from the band's biggest selling albums.
They then maintained that they had exclusive rights to the name and tried to prevent Biff Byford and Saxon's promoters and merchandisers from using the name.
Byford applied to the Trade Mark Registry to have the trade mark declared invalid. He applied on the basis that the registration had been obtained in bad faith and that he was entitled to prevent use of the trade mark by bringing an action for 'passing off', that is an action to stop others misrepresenting themselves as Saxon.
In , the High Court declared that it was Byford and the current members of the band who owned the name, and were therefore in a position to prevent Oliver and Dawson passing themselves off as Saxon.
Fritz Randow left the band in His replacement was former Stratovarius member Jörg Michael. The album title was inspired from Richard Lionheart , King of England.
The album received positive reviews and the title track remains a fan favorite. In , the band released the live album, The Eagle Has Landed — part 3.
Just before the band were due to play Dubai's Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing had withdrawn the band's permission to play the festival.
It was rumored that the historical lyrics in Crusader were the reason for this. As part of his programme, Goldsmith wanted to try and restore their popularity and reputation.
He drafted in two new producers to oversee the production of a new single "If I Was You" a song about gun culture , which went to number one in the Rock Charts in over 10 countries becoming their most successful single for over 12 years.
Saxon also performed at the Download Festival. Saxon released a new studio album, Into the Labyrinth , on 12 January The album received positive reviews and continued the success that The Inner Sanctum had created.
In February, it was announced that the band were cancelling the Spanish leg of their European tour with Iced Earth , due to scheduling issues.
Their sacred tree or pillar, a symbol of Irminsul , was destroyed. Charlemagne also deported 10, Nordalbingian Saxons to Neustria and gave their now largely vacant lands in Wagria approximately modern Plön and Ostholstein districts to the loyal king of the Abotrites.
Einhard , Charlemagne's biographer, says on the closing of this grand conflict:. The war that had lasted so many years was at length ended by their acceding to the terms offered by the king; which were renunciation of their national religious customs and the worship of devils, acceptance of the sacraments of the Christian faith and religion, and union with the Franks to form one people.
Under Carolingian rule , the Saxons were reduced to tributary status. There is evidence that the Saxons, as well as Slavic tributaries such as the Abodrites and the Wends , often provided troops to their Carolingian overlords.
The dukes of Saxony became kings Henry I , the Fowler, and later the first emperors Henry's son, Otto I, the Great of Germany during the 10th century, but they lost this position in The duchy was divided in when Duke Henry the Lion refused to follow his cousin, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa , into war in Lombardy.
During the High Middle Ages , under the Salian emperors and, later, under the Teutonic Knights , German settlers moved east of the Saale into the area of a western Slavic tribe, the Sorbs.
The Sorbs were gradually Germanised. This region subsequently acquired the name Saxony through political circumstances, though it was initially called the March of Meissen.
The rulers of Meissen acquired control of the Duchy of Saxony only a remnant of the previous Duchy in ; they eventually applied the name Saxony to the whole of their kingdom.
Since then, this part of eastern Germany has been referred to as Saxony German : Sachsen , a source of some misunderstanding about the original homeland of the Saxons, with a central part in the present-day German state of Lower Saxony German: Niedersachsen.
Bede , a Northumbrian writing around the year , remarks that "the old that is, the continental Saxons have no king, but they are governed by several ealdormen or satrapa who, during war, cast lots for leadership but who, in time of peace, are equal in power.
Each Gau had its own satrap with enough military power to level whole villages that opposed him. In the mid-9th century, Nithard first described the social structure of the Saxons beneath their leaders.
The caste structure was rigid; in the Saxon language the three castes, excluding slaves, were called the edhilingui related to the term aetheling , frilingi and lazzi.
These terms were subsequently Latinised as nobiles or nobiliores ; ingenui , ingenuiles or liberi ; and liberti , liti or serviles.
The frilingi represented the descendants of the amicii , auxiliarii and manumissi of that caste. The lazzi represented the descendants of the original inhabitants of the conquered territories, who were forced to make oaths of submission and pay tribute to the edhilingui.
The Lex Saxonum regulated the Saxons' unusual society. Intermarriage between the castes was forbidden by the Lex, and wergilds were set based upon caste membership.
The edhilingui were worth 1, solidi , or about head of cattle, the highest wergild on the continent; the price of a bride was also very high.
This was six times as much as that of the frilingi and eight times as much as the lazzi. The gulf between noble and ignoble was very large, but the difference between a freeman and an indentured labourer was small.
According to the Vita Lebuini antiqua , an important source for early Saxon history, the Saxons held an annual council at Marklo Westphalia where they "confirmed their laws, gave judgment on outstanding cases, and determined by common counsel whether they would go to war or be in peace that year.
In , Charlemagne abolished the system of Gaue and replaced it with the Grafschaftsverfassung , the system of counties typical of Francia.
The old Saxon system of Abgabengrundherrschaft , lordship based on dues and taxes, was replaced by a form of feudalism based on service and labour, personal relationships and oaths.
Saxon religious practices were closely related to their political practices. The annual councils of the entire tribe began with invocations of the gods.
The procedure by which dukes were elected in wartime, by drawing lots, is presumed to have had religious significance, i.
Charlemagne had one such pillar chopped down in close to the Eresburg stronghold. Early Saxon religious practices in Britain can be gleaned from place names and the Germanic calendar in use at that time.
There was a religious festival associated with the harvest, Halegmonath "holy month" or "month of offerings", September.
They contained a Modra niht or "night of the mothers", another religious festival of unknown content. The Saxon freemen and servile class remained faithful to their original beliefs long after their nominal conversion to Christianity.
Nursing a hatred of the upper class, which, with Frankish assistance, had marginalised them from political power, the lower classes the plebeium vulgus or cives were a problem for Christian authorities as late as The Translatio S.
Liborii remarks on their obstinacy in pagan ritus et superstitio usage and superstition. The conversion of the Saxons in England from their original Germanic religion to Christianity occurred in the early to late 7th century under the influence of the already converted Jutes of Kent.
In the s, Birinus became the "apostle to the West Saxons" and converted Wessex , whose first Christian king was Cynegils.
The West Saxons begin to emerge from obscurity only with their conversion to Christianity and keeping written records. The Gewisse , a West Saxon people, were especially resistant to Christianity; Birinus exercised more efforts against them and ultimately succeeded in conversion.
The South Saxons were first evangelised extensively under Anglian influence; Aethelwalh of Sussex was converted by Wulfhere , King of Mercia and allowed Wilfrid , Bishop of York , to evangelise his people beginning in The chief South Saxon bishopric was that of Selsey.
The East Saxons were more pagan than the southern or western Saxons; their territory had a superabundance of pagan sites. Its first bishop, Mellitus , was expelled by Saeberht's heirs.
The conversion of the East Saxons was completed under Cedd in the s and s. The continental Saxons were evangelised largely by English missionaries in the late 7th and early 8th centuries.
Around , two early English missionaries, Hewald the White and Hewald the Black , were martyred by the vicani , that is, villagers.
Saint Lebuin , an Englishman who between and preached to the Saxons, mainly in the eastern Netherlands, built a church and made many friends among the nobility.
Some of them rallied to save him from an angry mob at the annual council at Marklo near river Weser, Bremen.